FICO Credit Scores: What Do They Mean?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying all types of loans in order to compile this score.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following in calculating a credit score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is a single number: your FICO score. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers will probably find their FICO scores falling above 620.
Your score greatly affects how much you pay in interest every month
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my FICO score?
What can you do about your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is calculated from your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. You should, of course, remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
How do I find out my credit score?
In order to raise your FICO score, you must get the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the first FICO score, offers FICO scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide information and tools that help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at (321) 777-7277.