FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to just one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to determine a score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Since the score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it's very difficult to change it quickly. You must, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Getting your credit score
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to know your score and make sure that the reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the original FICO score, sells credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call: (321) 777-7277.